Alopecia Areata is again serious hair loss problems which occurs due to the low immune system which directly attacks the hair follicles. Whenever you are finding hairs on your pillow, brush and shower drain or bald patches on the scalp, you are suffering from the autoimmune disorder. This Problem is common among both male and females having an age of 20 years, although adults or children of any age group may also get affected with the same.
One may have lost the hair follicle one by one, or in clumps or shape of a quarter, the situation may vary from person to person. Some people may rarely face the problem of complete baldness on the head (alopecia areata totalis) or entire body (alopecia areata universalis).
Alopecia Areata always leads to the different situation to different people. But here we can find the common signs and symptoms as given below:-
Being an autoimmune disease, it has directly related to the human immune system. It simply means, when the immune system fails to defend the foreign substances such as viruses and bacteria. These foreign substances become heavy on a human body and may attack the hair follicles directly causing hair loss. When immune attacks occurred, hair follicle becomes smaller, stops producing hairs and lead to baldness.
Researchers are not able to trigger the exact causes, So the common causes can be described as:-
The doctor will first ask for your medical reports, family history, and past disease history just to confirm about the immune system. He may also examine you physically. The doctor will ask you few questions about the emotional or environmental factors you are staying with. To make the diagnosis better, Doctor may plunge few hairs from the scalp and may examine them. Apart from this, a doctor will always look for the signs and symptoms you are facing with.
Even after making physical and medical check-ups, if causes are still unknown, a doctor may ask you to conduct the following tests:-
There is not the hard and fast rule to treat the Alopecia Areata, but with the help of meditational and surgical treatment, hair loss can be stopped. We may get the situation of regrowth or regain hair loss.
Medicational Treatment of Alopecia Areata
Pros: The hair growth can be visible within 4 weeks only. It even does not stop the new hair loss from growing.
Cons: Sometime, it may cause depression in the scalp skin. Needle inserting may also lead to some discomfort or pain.
Pros: It is easy to use and carry. It has minimal side-effects. The medicine can be stopped anytime.
Cons: It is along not effective to treat the extensive hair loss.
Pros: The results are generally visible within 8-12 weeks only
Cons: Sometimes, it may cause skin irritation temporarily. It may also cause brownish discoloration of the skin.
Pros: It is helpful to reduce the hair loss and can show the hair growth or regrowth of about 25%.
Cons: The absorption of ointment is limited in the scalp.
(Above mentioned medications are helpful to treat the mild Alopecia Areata)
Pros: The regrowth can be experienced within the short period of time.
Cons: It may have some adverse effect, health risks by using the medication for long term. Young adults may tolerate the medicine. Stopping the treatment may also lead to stop of hair growth or reoccurrence of hair loss.
Pros: 40% people have seen the successful hair regrowth with using this treatment.
Cons: The common side-effects are rashes, redness, and itching wherever it is applied.
Pros: It is also helpful to cure the long-term hair loss situation
Cons: being having the new therapy, no sufficient information is available.
Some other medications such as minoxidil (Rogaine) can be rubbed on the scalp to stimulate hair growth. Other common therapies such as steroid injections or corticosteroid creams and ointments, photochemotherapy etc may be used.
Therapy Treatment for Alopecia Areata:-
Surgical Treatment for Alopecia Areata
Medications may not always be effective to cure the hair loss so surgical treatments can be opted such as:-
Any human disease can be stressful and can be challenging so here are various tips to cope with Alopecia Areata emotionally or physically:-
The effectiveness of treatment will always vary person to person so better to consult with the doctor on the daily basis to cure the Hair Loss Problems or AlopeciaAreata.