Alopecia Areata

What is Alopecia Areata?

Alopecia Areata is again serious hair loss problems which occurs due to the low immune system which directly attacks the hair follicles. Whenever you are finding hairs on your pillow, brush and shower drain or bald patches on the scalp, you are suffering from the autoimmune disorder. This Problem is common among both male and females having an age of 20 years, although adults or children of any age group may also get affected with the same. 

One may have lost the hair follicle one by one, or in clumps or shape of a quarter, the situation may vary from person to person. Some people may rarely face the problem of complete baldness on the head (alopecia areata totalis) or entire body (alopecia areata universalis).

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Alopecia Areata?

Alopecia Areata always leads to the different situation to different people. But here we can find the common signs and symptoms as given below:-

What are the Causes of Alopecia Areata?

Being an autoimmune disease, it has directly related to the human immune system. It simply means, when the immune system fails to defend the foreign substances such as viruses and bacteria. These foreign substances become heavy on a human body and may attack the hair follicles directly causing hair loss. When immune attacks occurred, hair follicle becomes smaller, stops producing hairs and lead to baldness.

Researchers are not able to trigger the exact causes, So the common causes can be described as:-

How is Alopecia Areata Diagnosed?

The doctor will first ask for your medical reports, family history, and past disease history just to confirm about the immune system. He may also examine you physically. The doctor will ask you few questions about the emotional or environmental factors you are staying with. To make the diagnosis better, Doctor may plunge few hairs from the scalp and may examine them. Apart from this, a doctor will always look for the signs and symptoms you are facing with. 

Even after making physical and medical check-ups, if causes are still unknown, a doctor may ask you to conduct the following tests:-

  1. Hair Analysis: Plucking a hair from the scalp, analyzing under the microscope. Scalp Biopsy: it is done to rule out the conditions of hair loss, fungal infections or tinea capitis. To evaluate the scalp, a small piece of scalp skin will be removed and will analyze with the help of a microscope.
  2. Blood Test: This will be done to measure the under-active or overactive thyroid gland conditions. Although the blood tests may be performed to check the other autoimmune disorders or if autoantibodies are found in the blood. The name of the blood tests which may be undertaken to evaluate the same are:-

     

    • C-reactive protein and erythrocyte sedimentation rate
    • iron levels
    • antinuclear antibody test
    • thyroid hormones
    • free and total testosterone
    • follicle stimulating and luteinizing hormone

What are the Various Treatments for Alopecia Areata?

There is not the hard and fast rule to treat the Alopecia Areata, but with the help of meditational and surgical treatment, hair loss can be stopped. We may get the situation of regrowth or regain hair loss.

Medicational Treatment of Alopecia Areata

(Above mentioned medications are helpful to treat the mild Alopecia Areata)

Some other medications such as minoxidil (Rogaine) can be rubbed on the scalp to stimulate hair growth. Other common therapies such as steroid injections or corticosteroid creams and ointments, photochemotherapy etc may be used.

Therapy Treatment for Alopecia Areata:-

Surgical Treatment for Alopecia Areata 

Medications may not always be effective to cure the hair loss so surgical treatments can be opted such as:-

How to Cope with Alopecia Areata:-

Any human disease can be stressful and can be challenging so here are various tips to cope with Alopecia Areata emotionally or physically:-

The effectiveness of treatment will always vary person to person so better to consult with the doctor on the daily basis to cure the Hair Loss Problems or AlopeciaAreata.