Androgenetic Alopecia

What is Androgenetic Alopecia?

One of the pattern hair loss condition which is termed as hereditary or genetic hair loss condition. The contain may affect the men and women both depending on the genetic factors. One can see the slow change of terminal hairs into underdetermined and then into villus hairs. Men can be affected at the teen’s age i.e. 20 years onwards and the stage is called male pattern hair loss or baldness. The symptoms can be characterized by the missing hairs from the hairline and frontal scalp. If the same situation raised with the female, it is called female pattern hair loss or baldness. The condition in women is slightly different from the male as they feel the effect after 40 years only with the extensive hair loss at the crown.

Androgenetic Alopecia is taken as the common hair loss problems among men and women. Some men may feel the problem of hair loss just after the 2 years although 50% hair loss always occurred at the age of 50. Where in women, the hair loss problem can be seen after menopause.  Androgenetic Alopecia has linked with the various another disease apart from the genetic factors. In males, these factors can be enlargement of prostate cancer, diabetes, obesity, prostate cancer, coronary heart disease, High blood pressure etc. whereas, in females, Androgenetic Alopecia can be linked with the various risky diseases such as PCOS, hormonal imbalance resulting into menstruation, acne, weight gain, hirsutism.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Androgenetic Alopecia?

Symptoms and signs may vary from male to female. Some may see the changes gradually whereas some may get the effect on the scalp or whole body. Some problems are temporary which can be improved with the help of medication & treatment whereas some are permanent for which artificial methods or hair transplant techniques are used. The possible symptoms can be:-

If e look for the hair loss flow, Male may experience the thin hairs around crown which may take the ‘M’ Form later. If not treated on time, it may take the ‘U’ form of baldness from the upper head and ring type shaped around back & sides. Once it grows, it may convert into complete baldness. Baldness is not serious issues but it is to be treated to maintain the self-esteem, self-confidence, and individual personality. 

In short, male may face the problem of complex baldness, if not treated on time and women will never experience the complete baldness ever. 

What are the Causes of Androgenetic Alopecia?

There can be common causes among males and females for Androgenetic Alopecia although we are highlighting the exact causes in men and Women below:-

Causes of Androgenetic Alopecia in Men:-

Causes of Androgenetic Alopecia in Women:-

How is Androgenetic Alopecia Classified?

Classification of Androgenetic Alopecia in Men

To measure the pattern hair baldness, Norwood scale is used which classifieds the hair loss in seven parts:-

Classification of Androgenetic Alopecia in Women

To measure the women hair loss, Ludwig Scale is used which classifieds the hair baldness into 3 different stages which are given below:-

How is Androgenetic Alopecia Diagnosed?

To analyze and diagnose the Androgenetic Alopecia, family history, and physical examination is evaluated. After considering the factors, some lab tests and given diagnostic measurements can be used:-

How is Androgenetic Alopecia Treated?

Treatment will always depend on the actual causes of hair baldness and this is the reason, a prior diagnosis is done. There are various treatments given to cure the Androgenetic Alopecia:-

Medicinal Treatment of Androgenetic Alopecia:-

Only FDA approved hair treatment or medicines are provided. Minoxidil is applied with a ratio of 2% to 5% as prescribed by the doctor. it helps to stimulate the blood flow to hair scalp and thus leading to hair growth. The irregularity of ointment may lead to rapid reversion. Another medicine is Finasteride which is used for men only as it can produce ambiguous genitalia in the male fetus. t works by inhibiting the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone leading to serum dihydrotestosterone levels to reduce. Antagonists or androgen suppressants can be given to women who are having complaints of hair loss due to his stress level.

Surgical Treatment of Androgenetic Alopecia:-