Cicatricial Alopecia

What is Cicatricial Alopecia?

Cicatricial Alopecia is also known as Alopecia Cicatrisata, Scarring Alopecia, Scarring Hair loss. This disease can occur in male and female both of various age group. Cicatricial Alopecia is supposed to be happening due to autoimmune disorders when the immune system attacks the hair follicles resulting from hair loss. Further, it may lead to inflammation and finally progressive bald patches. Almost 3% of the people who suffer from the hair loss may be effected with the Cicatricial Alopecia.

Cicatricial Alopecia has been classified into two types:-

Cicatricial Alopecia may also cause itching, burning sensation, pain which may increase as the time passes. Central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia is the main type of cicatricial alopecia.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Cicatricial Alopecia?

Scarring Alopecia or Cicatricial Alopecia may actually not have any noticeable signs or symptoms initially but once it may lead to noticeable hair loss, burning and itching can be sensed. but in many cases, the formation is so fast that it might cause painful blisters, red skin, itching, burning sensation and inflammation on scalp thereof. The whole process may damage the hair follicles completely which is usually get affected due to the weak immune system.

Some of the common signs and symptoms are mentioned below:-

Cicatricial Alopecias that involve predominantly lymphocytic inflammation include lichen planopilaris, frontal fibrosing alopecia, central centrifugal alopecia, and pseudopelade (Brocq). Cicatricial alopecias that are due to predominantly neutrophilic inflammation include folliculitis decalvans and tufted folliculitis. Sometimes the inflammation shifts from a predominantly neutrophilic process to a lymphocytic process. Cicatricial Alopecias with a mixed inflammatory infiltrate include dissecting cellulitis and folliculitis keloidalis.

What are the Causes of Cicatricial Alopecia?

Exact causes are still unknown. In case of Cicatricial Alopecia, inflammation captures the upper part of the hair follicle. Hair Follicle regeneration is even not possible if sebaceous gland and stem cells are destroyed which will ultimately lead to permanent hair loss. Cicatricial Alopecia may affect all age groups of males and females. Cicatricial Alopecia has not even related to family history although one major cause is:-

Primary Cicatricial Alopecia is not seen in the children till date.

How is Cicatricial Alopecia Diagnosed?

To diagnose the Cicatricial Alopecia, following methods can be used:-

All the evaluation must be done by the expert dermatologist with special interest and expertise. The person should be familiar with the diagnostics methods and therapies also.

What are the Treatments for Cicatricial Alopecia?

Cicatricial Alopecia or Scarring alopecia occurs due to the hair follicles in damage which may also result in permanent hair loss. In some cases, topical creams and medications are enough but in some cases, surgical treatments become obvious to adopt. If surgeries and treatments failed to cure the hair loss, wigs and hair patches can be used to cover the baldness.

Medicinal Treatments:-

Surgical Treatments:-

Wigs and Hairpieces:-

If above treatments are failed to treat the hair loss, then hiding the baldness is the only source for which wigs, hair hats, and hairpieces can be used to recapture the lost confidence. Adopting the wig and artificial hair pieces will allow you have any type of hairstyle you willing to have.