Trichotillomania is pronounced as trik-o-till-o-MAY-nee-uh which reared as the hair pulling disorders. Trichotillomania is a type of Traction Alopecia which occurs due to mental disorders. These mental disorders come under the Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders and involve recurrent, irresistible urges to pull hair from the scalp, eyebrows, eyelids, and other areas of the body, despite repeated attempts to stop or decrease hair pulling. Hair pulling may create patchy baldness and may lead to psychological effects later.
Trichotillomania may be mild sometimes and may be severe at the time. Mild Trichotillomania can be manageable and stopped with some counseling and treatments. Whereas Severe Trichotillomania is the condition of obsessive hair pulling which is irresistible. Trichotillomania is a kind of impulsive mental disorder which is uncontrollable. They are aware of the consequences of the diseases still they can’t control themselves. They began to pull their hairs out due to the high level of stress. Pulling hairs from the face or head may lead to partial or complete hair removal from the head, eyelashes, eyelids etc. It will not only affect the human system but also prohibits them to attend the social get-together. If the Trichotillomania is manageable, it is ok, if not, it can be completely overwhelming.
Common signs and symptoms are given below:-
In many cases, people may pull the hairs of their pets as well, They may perform the activity in private just to hide their problems. Some may have the tendency to bite the nails or lips in anxiety.
Hair pulling or condition of Trichotillomania may automatic and focused.
Although people may be focused and automatic at the same time, Some girls can be seen pulling their hairs as the part of brushing their hairs with the help of fingers.
Trichotillomania is the common problems which is directly related to the human emotional level:
Trichotillomania needs to be cured at the early stage as it may worsen the problems.
Trichotillomania is the result of psychiatric disorders which is associated with the brain pathways. The exact reasons are still unknown. Researchers say that abnormalities in brain may lead to cause the Trichotillomania as it is also linked with the impulse control, emotional regulation, movement, and habit formation. People having depression and having the sense of loneliness may suffer from Trichotillomania.
The problem can be diagnosed with the help of medical history and physical examination. Although it is more of the case of a psychiatrist as trichotillomania is directly related to medal disorders. Other diagnostic methods are:-
There are no specific tests are given to analyze the Trichotillomania.
To cure and prevent the Trichotillomania, Therapies, medications, and the combination of both are effective to have positive results.
Some of the Therapies are given below:-
Although there are no proven medicines to treat the Trichotillomania approved by FDA, however, some Antidepressant medicines can be provided to control the symptoms such selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), clomipramine, N-acetylcysteine, and olanzapine.
Some people may somehow manage the symptoms by their or through outpatients treatment, but in case of a vulnerable problem, intensive treatment is required on a continuous basis.
To treat the Trichotillomania, Consultation with psychiatrists is must as a mental specialist may know the exact reasons of anxiety and counsel the patients accordingly.